SCHOOL VIOLENCE INITIATIVE
Violence is the deliberate use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, mal-development or deprivation. (World Health Organisation 1996). Each year, nearly 1.4 million people worldwide lose their lives to violence. For every person who dies as a result of violence, many more are injured and suffer from a range of physical, sexual, reproductive and mental health problems.
Types of Violence
· Targeted Violence – This is planned violence carried out on a specific person or group of people. Terrorism, assassinations, shootings, etc.
· Collective Violence – This type of violence is committed by a group of people
· Interpersonal/Relationship Violence (Dating and Domestic Violence) – This type of violence is largely between family members and intimate partners. This usually takes place in the home
· Self-directed Violence – This is a type of violence that is self inflicted.
· Non-physical Violence – It includes actions that result from a power relationship, which include threats and intimidation, neglect or acts of omission.
Why does Violence happen in a Society
· Breakdown of law and order
· Absence of enforcement of law
· Societal ills (social issue subsidy)
· Permissive, culture
Causes of Violence
· Natural Traits:This can be hereditary or picked up.
· Trigger to a violent act: social factor like alcohol
· Home influence:Violent home
· Physical harm (ranging from bruises to death)
· Emotional trauma (anxiety, fear, sleeping problems, post-traumatic stress disorders)
· Feelings of powerlessness (sometimes even leading to suicide)
Impact on community
· Violence Increases anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (a mental health condition that is prompted by a terrifying event). This can cause reduced life expectancy.
· Violence at work affects not only the direct victims, but also other individuals who share the same working environment as well as family members and friends of the victim.
· Loss of work, potential and quality of life
· Physical injury not requiring medical care
· Culturally “acceptable” violent acts
How to help
· Identify and raise consciousness of violence in all its forms
· Challenge the societal norm that violence is a normal part of life
· Help people own both the problem and the solutions, shifting the focus of action from the streets to the home and community
· Influence people to choose specific actions and behaviours that work and are positive, healthy and peaceful
· Encourage individuals to reduce violence
· Create a culture of peace, hope and trust by living this way to teach by example